The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has released the first image from the NOAA-21 Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument.
A recently launched satellite captured a stunning panoramic view of the Earth, created from packets of data captured all over the world during a 24-hour period between 5 dec. and 6 Dec.
Polar-orbiting satellites observe the entire planet twice a day, unlike geostationary satellites.
According to the works, a mosaic image of clear blue water that contains phytoplankton in the Caribbean Sea, moving weather systems and smog from agricultural fires in northern India.
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Dr. Satya Kalluri, a program scientist for the joint satellite system, said the blue color emission around Cuba and the Bahamas must be sediment in the shallow waters around the continental shelf.
VIIRS provides ocean color measurements helping to detect harmful algal blooms and monitors phytoplankton activity and sea surface temperature.
On the ground, the instrument – which also flies in the joint Polaris NOAA-20 satellite system and the Suomi-NPP satellite – can detect and measure the intensity of droughts and floods.
Fire intensity is fed into a product that tracks the waste and movement of wildfire smoke.
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VIIRS also generates critical issues in snow and ice cover, clouds, fog, aerosols and dust, as well as the safety of the world’s crops.
The instrument was launched from Vandenberg Space Force Base on November 10.
NOAA-21, formerly known as JPSS-2, is the second operational satellite in a series called the Articulated Polar Satellite.
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NOAA and NASA oversee the development, launch, testing and operation of all satellites in the system.
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