A joint project of TAU and the Hebrew University, involving 20 researchers from different countries and disciplines, accurately dated 21 layers in 17 archaeological sites in Israel, restoring the direction and/or intensity of the earth’s magnetic field recorded in the burned remains. New information verifies biblical accounts of Egyptian, Aramaic, Assyrian, and Babylonian military campaigns against the Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
The findings indicate, for example, that the army of Hazael, king of Aram-Damascus, was responsible for the destruction of several cities, Tel Rehov, Tel Zayit, and Horvat Tevet, in addition to Geth of the Philistines, whose destruction is noted. Hebrew Bible At the same time, the prevailing study of the doctrine refutes that Hazael was the conqueror who destroyed Tel Beth-Shen.
Other geomagnetic discoveries show that the cities in the land to the south were destroyed by the Idumeans, which were removed by the destruction of Jerusalem and the kingdom of Judah by the Babylonians.
An interdisciplinary study of the foundation in theology has been published Journal of the Academy of Sciences and it was based on the doctoral thesis of Joab Vaknin, supervised by Prof. Erez Ben-Yosef and Prof. Oded Lipschits of the TAU Institute of Archeology and Prof. Ron Shaar from the Institute of Earth Sciences at the Hebrew University.
Researchers explain that geophysicists, trying to understand the mechanism of the earth’s magnetic field, investigate changes in this field throughout history. For this they use archaeological finds that contain magnetic minerals, which, when heated or burned, mark the magnetic field at the time of the fire.
So, in a 2020 study, researchers recreated the magnetic field as it was on the 9thth* month of Av, 886 BCE, the destruction of the first temple and the city of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian army.
Now, with archaeological findings excavated over several decades at 17 sites across Israel, along with historical data from ancient inscriptions and biblical accounts, researchers have been able to review the magnetic fields in twenty layers of destruction. They used the data to develop certain new scientific tools for archaeological records.
Joab Vaknin explains that “according to the size and direction of the magnetic field, depending on the similarity or difference, we can either corroborate or refute the hypotheses stating that specific sites were burned in the same military campaign.” In addition, we construct a variable field intensity curve. over time, which can serve as a scientific instrument, similar to the radiocarbon dating method.
One example given by researchers is the destruction of Gath Philistines (today as Tel Tzafit in Jewish roots) by King Hazael of Aram-Damascus. Various ways of dating place this event around 830 BCE, but they fail to recognize that Hazael was also responsible for the destruction of Tel Rehov, Tel Zayit and Horvat Tevet.
Now a new study, publishing a complete statistical synchronization between the magnetic fields recorded in all four of these places at the time of the destruction, makes the strongest case for the same destruction campaign.
The exit of the Tel Beth-Shean level, on the other hand, mentioning a completely different magnetic field, refutes the prevailing hypothesis that it was also destroyed by Hazael. Instead, magnetic data from Beth-Shean indicate that this city, along with two other sites in northern Israel, was probably destroyed 70-100 years earlier, which date could correspond to the military campaign of the Egyptian Pharaoh Shoshenq.
Shoshenq’s campaign is described in the Hebrew Bible and in an inscription on the wall of the Temple of Amun in Karnak, Egypt, which mentions Beth-Shen as one of his victories.
One of the most interesting discoveries revealed by the new method relates to the end of the Kingdom of Judah. Prof. Erez Ben Yosef says “the last days of Judah’s reign have been much debated, some researchers, relying on archaeological evidence, argue that Judah was not completely destroyed by the Babylonians.”
“While Jerusalem and border towns ceased to be Jewish roots, other towns in the Negev, the southern Judean Mountains and southern Jewish roots remained almost intact. Now the magnetic effects support this hypothesis, indicating that the Babylonians were not solely responsible for the final destruction of Judah.
“Several decades after they destroyed Jerusalem and the first Temple, which remained to the south of the Babylonian campaign, they settled,” probably by the Idumeans, who captured the destruction of Jerusalem. The surviving cities can explain why the Hebrew Bible expresses so much hatred for the Idumeans, as is evident in the prophecy of Obadiah.
Prof. Oded Lipschits adds that “the new data tool is the only one that is based on geomagnetic data from places whose exact times are known from historical sources. By combining accurate historical information with advanced, comprehensive archaeological research, we were able to establish a magnetic method reliably fixed in chronology.”
A separate paper presenting the scientific principles of the new archaeomagnetic dating method is in preparation. Prof. Ron Shaar, who developed geophysical methods of study, as well as the development of geomagnetic dating methods, explains that “the earth’s magnetic field is critical to our existence. Most people do not understand that life on earth can be done without it, since it protects us from cosmic rays and the solar wind, in addition and men and animals use it to navigate.
“Due to the chaotic movement of this iron, the magnetic field changes over time. Until recently, scientists believed that it remained fairly stable for decades, but archaeomagnetic research has contradicted this assumption, revealing some extreme and unpredictable changes in antiquity. Our site in Israel contributes uniquely to archaeomagnetic research, because the abundance of archaeological finds. Over the past decade, we have restored the magnetic fields of hundreds of archaeological records.”
“By combining this dataset with data from the Joab investigation of the historical destruction layer we were able to form a continuous variation in the geomagnetic field showing rapid, sharp changes. This is wonderful news, both for archaeologists who can now use geomagnetic data to determine the age of ancient materials and the geophysics of the earth studying the bones.
Chicken bones and snail shells help archaeologists trace the destruction of a late modern town
Vaknin, Joav, Reconstructing biblical expeditions using geomagnetic field data; Journal of the Academy of Sciences (2022). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2209117119. doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2209117119
Provided by Tel-Aviv University
Citation: Geomagnetic fields reveal truth behind biblical narratives (2022, October 24) Retrieved October 24, 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-10-geomagnetic-fields-reveal-truth-biblical.html
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