NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope recorded the star’s final moments in detail as it was consumed by the black hole.
The management of the star process twisted into a donut-shaped figure in the process.
When the star gets close enough, the black hole’s gravitational pull violently rips it apart, spewing out intense radiation in what is known as a “tidal breakup” event.
Astronomers are using the telescope to better understand what’s happening, using its powerful ultraviolet sensors to study the light from AT2022dsb, a “stellar sn event.”
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A star located in the center of the galaxy about 300 million light-years from ESO 583-G004.
Approximately 100 events of tidal disruption around black holes have been detected by astronomers using various telescopes.
The agency recently announced that a high-energy space observatory has spotted another such event in March 2021.
“We’re excited because we can get these details of what’s driving the debris. The tidal event can tell us a lot about the black hole,” Emily Engelthaler, Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, said in a statement.
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For any given galaxy with a quiescent supermassive hole in the black center, it is estimated that a starburst occurs several times over 100,000 years.
This event, AT2022dsb, was captured early on March 1, 2022, by the All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae, a network-based telescope.
The near-Earth collision was bright enough for ultraviolet spectroscopy over a period of time that is longer than normal.
“Type, these events are difficult to observe. Maybe you get a few observations at the beginning of the distraction when it is really bright. Our program differs in that it is designed to see a few tidal events during the year to see what happens. Peter Maksym, from Cento for Astrophysics, explained. We saw this early enough that we could observe the accretion phase of the very black hole. We saw the accretion in the drop as it turned into thin over time.”
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The data are interpreted as coming from a donut-shaped area of gas that was once a star.
The place is known as the torus, a hole in the middle surrounded by a hole.
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